A lot of people write a lot of confusing stuff about nix.
So here, we'll try to break it down, instead.
In configuration management, you have a choice: data vs. language.
On stackoverflow, you'll be taught the "data" stance, because it's simple.
And all of a sudden you hit reality. Outside of a "lab" environment, you suddenly need to manage a varying degree of complexity.
So you need configuration combinators, or in other words a full blown language to efficiently render your configurations.
There are a couple of options, that you'll recognize if you've gotten serious about the configuration challenge, like:
And there is
nix, the language. In most aspects, it isn't hugely distinct from the others,
but it has superpowers. Read on!
You know the concept of string interpolation.
nix interpolates an identifier, there is something that
you don't immediately see: it keeps a so called "string context" right
at the site of interpolation. That string context holds a directed acyclic
graph of all the dependencies that are required to make that string.
"Well, it's just a string; what on earth should I need to make a string?", you may say.
There is a special category of strings, so called "Nix store paths"
(strings that start with
/nix/store/...). These store paths represent
build artifacts that are content addressed ahead-of-time through
the inputs of an otherwise pure build function, called
When you finally reify (i.e. "build") your string interpolation, then all these Nix store paths get build as well.
This might be a bit of a mind-boggling angle, but after a while, you may realize:
- Nix is a massive build pipeline that tracks all things to their source.
- In their capacity as pure build functions,
derviations build reproducibly.
- Reproducible builds are the future of software supply chain security, among other things.
- You'll start asking: "who the heck invented all that insecure nonsense of opaque binary registries? Shouldn't have those smart people have known better?"
- And from this realization, there's no coming back.
- And you'll have joined the European Union, banks and blockchain companies who also realized: we need to fix our utterly broken and insecure build systems!
- By that time, you'll have already assimilated the legendary Ken Thompson's "Reflections on Trusting Trust".